Tips from Leonid Roshal

Most often accidents with young children occur.



Leonid Roshal in his book “Your child. How to save “gives advice to parents how to make the space of their homes safe for their children.

Many situations can be avoided if:

  • Think over the safe arrangement of furniture.
  • Equip windows with opening limiters.
  • Correctly store household utensils and household chemicals.
  • Do not place containers with household chemicals and bottles with juice or water nearby.
  • Make the first aid kit inaccessible to children and do not leave the medicine within reach of the child.
  • When visiting friends and relatives, ask to remove sharp and broken objects.
  • Acquaint the child with the basic rules of personal safety.

Write emergency telephones next to the telephone. If the child has a nanny, make sure she knows where they are recorded.



Everyone knows how small children like to put their fingers in the sockets. You will need additional child safety equipment to protect your child from a possible electric shock.

  • Cover the electrical outlets with special plastic covers (plugs).
  • Check the insulation of electrical wires, extension cords, plugs, electrical plugs.
  • Remove the wires scattered on the floor.
  • Do not leave children alone when the appliance is switched on. Unplug electrical appliances at night.



If there was a smell of gas:

  • Do not turn on or turn off lights and electrical appliances – a spark may cause an explosion;
  • Do not light matches and cigarettes;
  • Turn off the gas (you should always know where the gas tap is located);
  • open the windows;
  • Call emergency gas service.



In case of a possible fire, plan the evacuation plan and decide in advance:

  • How best to get out of each room;
  • How to save babies and small children;
  • Where you will meet when you get out of the room.

Make sure that all members of your family know how to behave during the heat, and work with children to act on the time of this disaster.

Safety of the child in the hallway and on the stairs.



  • Always lock the front door.
  • Do not allow the child to open the door himself.
  • If the interior doors are glazed, glue the polymer film on the glass. This will prevent the fragments from flying apart if the glass breaks. It is better to glaze doors with tempered or laminated glass.
  • To make the door glass clearly visible, glue colored pictures on it.


Protective devices for doors

Protective door shock absorbers made of soft plastic or rubber can be bought at any major store. Such shock absorbers are attached to the door from the side or from above so that the child can not reach them, and do not allow the door to completely close.

The door position lock is installed

under the door and fixes it in a certain position. He does not allow the child to open the door or close it. To remove protection, step on one side of the retainer. It can only be done by an adult.

In cases where the apartment has interroom doors with a snap-in lock, the lock handle of the door lock is useful. It locks the handle so that it is always in the open position, which prevents the child from slamming the door. The concrete blocker is selected strictly according to the type of handle and the mechanism of the lock.



  • Place a non-slip gasket under the mats.
  • Remove toys and unnecessary items from the floor.
  • Make sure that there are no holes or creases in the carpeting – the mallet can catch on to them with the foot.


Stairs in the house

  • Remove all forgotten toys and unnecessary items from the stairs.
  • Leave light in the hallway and on the staircase in case the child gets up at night.
  • Children under the age of 3 cannot safely descend from the stairs, they have too poorly developed coordination of movements.
  • Install the trellis fencing at the bottom and top of the staircase, the so-called security gate. The distance between the bars of the gate should not exceed 10 cm, otherwise the baby will be able to squeeze between the rods and fall or pinch their heads in them.


  • Check the strength of the handrail and do it regularly. The distance between their rods should not exceed 10 cm. Do not allow the child to climb on the railing.


The door position lock is installed

under the door and fixes it in a certain position. He does not allow the child to open the door or close it. To remove protection, step on one side of the retainer. It can only be done by an adult.

In cases where the apartment has interroom doors with a snap-in lock, the lock handle of the door lock is useful. It locks the handle so that it is always in the open position, which prevents the child from slamming the door. The concrete blocker is selected strictly according to the type of handle and the mechanism of the lock.


Child safety in the kitchen:

  • The kitchen is always a zone of increased danger.
  • Install the plate guard.
  • Do not let the child play where you can easily stumble over it, for example, near the kitchen table.
  • Immediately wipe any spilled liquid on the floor – it will easily slip on it.


Tables and work surfaces:

  • Remove from the edge of the table all heavy, beating and sharp.
  • Do not place chairs or stools near the table so that the child does not get on the table?
  • Keep cord from household appliances out of the reach of the child. After turning off the appliance, unplug the appliance.
  • Use napkins or fasten the tablecloth to the kitchen table with clamps. Kids love to pull the tablecloth over the ends down and can topple on their head the objects lying on the table.
  • From impacts to the sharp corners of the baby, special protective corners and lining will be fenced. They are fastened with Velcro to dangerous places.


Wardrobes and drawers:

  • Locks and lockers should be installed on cabinets and boxes, especially if there are scissors, knives and forks there; heavy pots or china; dry products (peas, flour, etc.), alcohol, drugs; household chemicals.


  • Lockers are different depending on the type of lockable doors. They should be selected each time for a particular piece of furniture. For example, swinging doors with handles can be fixed with the help of special locking locks.


Those doors that do not have handles can be locked from the child using a universal lock. This lock is attached to the door on Velcro, which leave no traces. With its help you can close for the child’s access not only cabinets, but also many household appliances (for example, refrigerator, microwave, and dishwasher).


Kitchen stove:

In the first place, the danger in the kitchen is represented by a stove. When you cook, always remember the danger of burning a child with hot oil or boiling water.


  • It’s always interesting for the kid to twist the knobs. To protect against this on sale, there are protective caps that are put on the handles and fix them in the off position.
  • It is possible to equip the cooker with a protective screen that is attached to the edge of the work surface and closes the baby’s access to hot pots and hot plates.
  • Do not allow the child to touch the oven door. Explain to the kid what is “hot”, and use this word as a warning.
  • Keep the matches out of the reach of the child.



The source of danger in the kitchen is a refrigerator. It lights up, many new items for the baby and play hide and seek well. To prevent possible trouble, you can use a special lock on the refrigerator or universal locks, mentioned above.




After washing, close the car door – the baby can climb inside or throw toys there.


Baby chair for feeding:


Approximately at the age of 4-6 months you will enter the lure for the baby. Therefore, the child will need a special chair for feeding. If the backrest at the highchair is only in the upright position, then it is used from the age when the baby will be able to sit on its own. For an earlier age of the baby, a chair model is used, in which the backrest reclines.


  • Do not leave your child on a high chair unattended.
  • Place the child’s chair so that the baby cannot reach any dangerous objects.
  • Fasten your baby with safety belts.


Requirements to be met by the chair for feeding:


  • The chair should be safe, strong and stable.
  • If you buy a chair on wheels, check if it has good brakes.
  • He should wash well. The seat is preferably made of oilcloth or leather, but not of fabric.


  • The anatomic insert to separate the baby’s legs should be attached to the chair.
  • Double tray.
  • It is better if the seat is adjusted in height, and the backrest changes the angle of inclination.
  • Convenient when there is a toy grid in the chair.


Child safety in the living room.

Carpets and curtains:

  • Carpets and rugs should not have holes or curved edges – the child may stumble over them.
  • Do not use cords for curtains or curtains – the child may suffocate by tangling in a dangling rope.


Fireplaces and heaters:

  • If there is a fireplace in the house, equip it with a fireplace grate.
  • Heat the heaters with a protective mesh.
  • Think about how best to protect the room from sparks from the fireplace.
  • Do not leave matches and lighters in a place that is accessible to the child.


Furniture, things, houseplants:

  • Some houseplants can cause allergies. Get rid of them.
  • Place flower pots in a place inaccessible to children.
  • Do not leave heavy objects on low tables or windowsills.
  • Clean the tables with the glass cover; sharp edges wrap something soft.
  • Do not leave on low furniture items (for example, on a tea table) hot dishes and spirits, thin glasses, cigarettes, matches and lighters.
  • Store alcoholic drinks in a locked cabinet.


Audio and video systems:

Modern houses are full of various electrical appliances that are designed to make our life easier, and the lives of kids are more dangerous: these devices attract couples as a magnet. Not surprisingly, in addition to the danger of electric shock, there is a high probability that a heavy electrical appliance will simply fall on crumbs. To avoid this, you should follow simple rules.

  • Place household appliances so that the child under no circumstances could get to the rear panel.
  • It is necessary to equip the devices with a special protective device, which protects it from accidental overturning by children. One part of this device is attached to the back side of the device, the other to the stand under the equipment. Two parts are connected by a belt with a blocker.

Attach or hide the wires under the plinth. Extend the strips for furniture so that the child does not touch them and stumble. Sockets, which are often not used, must be closed with special protective plastic covers.

Periodically check that the insulation of the wires is not worn out.


Safety in the parents’ bedroom:

  • Do not keep medicines at the head of the bed or on the dressing table. Keep them out of the reach of the child.
  • Keep cosmetics out of the reach of the child – if ingested or swallowed, they may not be harmless.
  • Store manicure sets and accessories for sewing in a locked cabinet or drawer, where the child cannot reach them.


Safety in the nursery.

Infant bed:

  • The cot should be deep enough so that the child cannot get out of it: the distance from the mattress to the top edge of the bed should be at least 50 cm.
  • Make sure that the baby is unable to open the latch of the sidewall, or better, generally get a crib where such a possibility is not provided.
  • The distance between the slats of the side grilles should not be more than 6 cm, otherwise the head of the child may get stuck between them.
  • The distance between the mattress and the walls of the bed along the entire circumference should not exceed 3 cm; otherwise the baby’s head may get stuck there.
  • For fixing the mattress and cushioning pads, use as short as possible shoelaces, this will protect the baby from suffocation.
  • I do not need a pillow for 1 year.
  • As soon as the child starts to sit, remove all cushioning pads from the crib – with their help the child can get out.



  • After transferring the baby from the cot to the couch, install safety fences at first.
  • Children under 6 years of age are not recommended for sleeping in bunk beds.
  • Do not allow children to play high (especially bunk) beds.
  • Place a non-slippery litter under the mat near the baby cot.



According to the official bodies, whose work is designed to protect us from the use of low-quality goods, more than half of the checked goods for the youngest do not meet the requirements.

In such products, the so-called toxicity index is exceeded – the content of toxic substances, such as formaldehyde and phenol. As a rule, the cheapest toys produced in China are harmful.

According to statistics, out of hundreds of Chinese dolls Barbie, only one can be recognized as safe for the life of the baby.

  • Buy only those toys on which there is an appropriate sign confirming their safety. Avoid stalls and street vendors.
  • Before buying a toy, smell it. If the toy has a smell – it means that it releases harmful chemicals.
  • Do not buy toys with sharp edges and toys made of thin solid plastic.
  • Do not buy toxic paints or pencils.
  • Do not use old toys – they can be painted with toxic dyes, for example paint containing lead.
  • Avoid toys that are not designed for young children. Carefully study the instructions before buying a toy: manufacturers indicate the age at which it is calculated.
  • Dispose of broken toys regularly.
  • Remove the toys. Objects lying on the floor can cause injuries.
  • Check that your eyes, noses, ears, bells and other details are firmly attached to dolls and soft toys.
  • Hanging toys on a cot on very short ropes.
  • Do not put large toys in a cot. The kid can use them as a stand and climb out.
  • Do not let a child less than 2 years old play with soft fluffy toys. Toddlers love to chew them, and for children under the age of the year, fur can cause suffocation.
  • Do not leave the playing baby unattended.


Safety of the child in the bathroom:

  • Keep the door to the bathroom all the time closed – the child can easily fall there, drown or poison. To prevent the baby from accidentally locking himself in the bathroom, set the bolt on the inside of the door higher.



  • Household chemicals (cleaning powders and liquids, bleaches, etc.) should be stored in lockers with reliable locks.
  • Cosmetics, lotions, razors, manicure sets, medicines and glassware should be kept out of the reach of the child.



  • Before putting the baby in a bath, check the water temperature.
  • Put a non-slip mat on the bottom of the bathtub on the suction cups.
  • Place a non-slip mat on the floor next to it.
  • Do not leave the baby in the bathroom unattended. The baby can drown in the water at a depth of only 2.5 cm.



  • Accustoming the baby to the toilet, use a special child seat that is easy to install, and a footrest.
  • Close the lid. For this, there are special blockers.
  • Do not put deodorants in the toilet, baby can pull them out and shove them
  • While the baby is using the pot, never leave detergents and bleach in it.