We do not usually like them, we fear them and when they are there, we would like to get rid of them … How are wrinkles born? At what age do you use an anti-wrinkle cream? What are the actions of prevention? Wrinkles in 8 questions, and especially 8 expert answers.
What is wrinkles? A wrinkle is a groove on the surface of the skin caused by a fold of the epidermis and dermis. The epidermis is the superficial layer of protection of the skin, the dermis is the lower part of the skin: its role is to support and nourish the epidermis. It contains blood vessels to provide nutrients and fiber (elastin and collagen ) to fix the epidermis while maintaining its suppleness . With age, the action of free radicals and the repeated movement of muscles, the number and quality of fibers decrease. An imbalance appears: wrinkles appear and settle gradually.
1. What are the most sensitive areas of the face?
Not all parts of the body age in the same way. For example, the areas most exposed to the sun wrinkle faster than the areas covered. As the pharmacist Nathalie Barondiot explains, two areas are particularly vulnerable: the eye contour, and then, the contour of the lips.
The eye contour: its great fragility is explained by the extreme fineness of the tissues and intense muscle work that promotes sagging skin: our eyes blink about 10,000 times a day. Signs of premature aging can appear as early as age 25. This is why it is important to take great care with targeted care! The lip:
Lips undergo intense vascular activity. They are extremely stressed and wrinkles of expression can appear from 25-30 years at the nasolabial fold.
2. Does the hygiene of life have an impact on wrinkles?
The wrinkles are related to several factors. First, the intrinsic aging. The aging of the skin is an inescapable phenomenon related to your genetic inheritance and the hormonal modifications. Finally, exogenous factors. The skin undergoes the consequences of several environmental factors (sun, pollution …) and behavioral ( food , sleep , alcohol, cigarettes …) which lead to the production of free radicals , extremely harmful. It is against these extrinsic factors that the struggle is most effective.
3. What impact does the sun have on the appearance of wrinkles?
Solar radiation has a very aggressive action vis-à-vis the skin. It’s even what makes it age faster. Solar radiation increases the formation of free radicals that cause irreversible damage in the epidermis and dermis. It is therefore essential to use, both winter and summer, a cream with a high degree of protection and to limit exposure.
However, you should know that the sun also has benefits because it acts on the absorption by the body of vitamin D, beneficial for the skin. The sun must be consumed in moderation!
4. Is there an anti-wrinkle diet?
Vitamins, fatty acids and trace elements actively contribute to healthy skin. Vitamins E and C have an anti- UV action; the Vitamin A gives the skin a nice flexibility, but it is not without risks. The trace elements, these metals (zinc, silicon, manganese, copper …) present in our body in very small quantity, are also essential to the good health of our cells. Selenium acts on free radicals, zinc contributes to the fight against UV Finally, essential fatty acidsare of food origin and are necessary for the good condition of the epidermis. Linoleic acid contributes particularly to the suppleness of the skin, the formation of the skin barrier and regulates inflammatory and allergic reactions.
5. What are the signs of skin aging?
20 years: The skin may show signs of dehydration.
What to do? cleanse and moisturize your skin morning and evening with a non – comedogenic care if you suffer from acne.
20-30 years: The skin becomes dehydrated, becomes fragile, the hydro-lipidic film is refined. Fine lines appear, especially around the eye and the nasolabial fold.
What to do? Exfoliate the skin once a week to remove dead cells, moisturizing morning and evening and nourishing the eye contour. Privilege anti-radical assets.
35 – 40: The wrinkles expression are often already installed. The skin texture becomes irregular and the furrows deepen.
What to do? good anti-wrinkle treatments can restore tone and elasticity while moisturizing the skin. Proceed once a week to a mask. And use a night cream: it is during the night that the cells are renewed.
40-50 years – This is to reduce the effects of hormonal changes such as dry skin, or tissue sagging. Indeed, past midlife, the skin loses its collagen. This then explains the appearance of more pronounced wrinkles or pigment spots.
What to do? Opt for the perfect combo serum moisturizer + day cream adapted to your needs. In the evening, also favor a night care rich enough for a ritual 100% anti-aging.
The choice of the editor? The latest Lift Effect Plus range from Dermatoline Cosmetic that meets the needs of mature skin. Composed of a serum, a day cream , a night cream, then a care eye and lips, this one stimulates the microcirculation in order to oxygenate the tissues as well as possible, and thus, revive cellular metabolism. This global anti-aging ritual owes its effectiveness to a three-level cutaneous action. Indeed, the care of the range Lift Effect Plusact both in the epidermis, at the level of the dermal-epidermal junction, and in the dermis. What to plump the skin, fill wrinkles, then redefine the oval face, but most importantly, to visibly reduce the signs of age in just 4 weeks, thanks to the unique technology DayRedensePlus-complex.
60 years – Sagging intensifies, the skin loses its suppleness and radiance. The wrinkles of the lion and the nasolabial fold deepen.
What to do? It is necessary to intensify the lipidic action and to deeply nourish the skin.
6. Are all skin equally prone to wrinkles?
No. And what an injustice! The skin aging is programmed by the genetic code. For example, Asian skins are thicker than Indo-European skins and are less vulnerable to wrinkles. The clearer the skin is, the less it defends itself from the sun and the more it is vulnerable.
7. What are the most effective anti-aging active ingredients?
– Hyaluronic acid: already present in the skin, this substance helps to fill the spaces between the various fibers. As its amount decreases with time (and from the thirties), some brands offer to fill this gap through various products.
– Vitamin A or Retinol: known for its protective effects and illuminators.
– Moisturizing and nutritious active ingredients: slow downdehydrationand reconstitute intercellular cement.
– AHA or fruit acids: have an exfoliating and moisturizing action.
– Anti- radicals: fight against the action of particularly harmfulfree radicals.
– Molecules such as Neutrox or D-Contraxol (dermo-cosmetic): are promising. They have a parallel action to Botox since they prevent the release of substances that contract the muscles.
8. What is the role of aesthetic medicine in the fight against wrinkles?
The care plays a preventive role against wrinkles. But some can only find aesthetic medicine. Many miraculous and painless techniques exist. They must be practiced by cosmetic surgeons or trained dermatologists.
– Injections of collagen and hyaluronic acid correct fine lines for 4 to 8 months, with little risk of allergies.
– The fat injections are done under local anesthesia to fill the nasolabial folds (around the nose and mouth) or increase the volume of the cheekbones for about 6 months.
– Botulinum toxin immobilizes the muscles which, when contracting, formwrinkles (like lion’s wrinkles). The injection should be repeated every 5 months or so.
– Gore-Tex can correct deep wrinkles or redraw the lips.
– Abrasion techniques ( peeling , CO2 laser, micro-delivery, resurfacing) treat deep wrinkles around the mouth and around the eyes.